Annuals or perennials, 10-100 cm. Stems erect, branched (branches ascending). Leaves basal and cauline; alternate; sessile or petiolate; blades (3-nerved) elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate, oblong, or ovate, bases auriculate or tapering, margins entire or toothed, faces ± canescent or glandular-puberulent to stipitate-glandular. Heads radiate or discoid, borne singly or in open, paniculiform arrays (peduncles usually longer than involucres). Involucres hemispheric, 7-15 mm diam. Phyllaries persistent, 20-30+ in 2-3+ series (distinct, narrowly lanceolate to linear or narrowly lance-oblong to lance-ovate, subequal to unequal, outer shorter). Receptacles convex, paleate (paleae ± conduplicate, folded around and falling with cypselae). Ray florets 0 or 10-21, neuter; corollas yellow. Disc florets 60-200+, bisexual, fertile; corollas yellow, tubes shorter than gradually to abruptly expanded throats, lobes 5, triangular. Cypselae (black) strongly compressed, narrowly cuneate (margins ± white, long-ciliate, faces ± hairy); pappi persistent, of 2 awns or subulate scales. x = 18.