Mats leafy, to 10 cm wide. Stems diffusely branched from base. Leaves: unequal pairs alternating, usually subtending fascicle of leaves; petiole slender, ± equaling blade length; blade apex obtuse; larger blade of pair 0.5(-1.2) cm, smaller blade 0.2(-0.6) mm. Inflorescences: flowers in axils of smaller leaves (bracts) between short lateral stem and main stem; bracteoles 2; pedicel 2 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes erect, ovate, to 1.5 mm, margins scarious, fringed, apex obtuse. Capsules subglobose, membranous. Seeds red-brown, ± round-reniform or subtriangular, asymmetric, 0.3 mm, smooth. Flowering summer-fall. Moist, seasonally flooded, or seasonally dry, open mud or sand flats, banks, shores, and margins of ponds, lakes, canals, and rivers; 0-1000 m; introduced; Ariz., Calif., Fla., La., Miss., Nev.; West Indies; South America.