Tufted perennial 3-7 dm; lvs mostly near the base, 2-5 mm wide, the upper much shorter; ligules (1-)2-3 mm; panicle spike-like, long-exsert, 3-9 cm; glumes scabrous on the keel to villous throughout, the first 4 mm, the second 7-9 mm; sterile lemmas 3-3.5 mm, golden-silky, the awn of the second about equaling the second glume; fertile lemma suborbicular, 2 mm; 2n=10, 20. Native of Europe, intr. in lawns, meadows, roadsides, and waste places from Nf. to Ga., w. to Mich., Ill., and La.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
While this grass has been reported from all parts of the eastern United States, in Indiana it has been reported from only 2 counties in addition to those shown on the map. Found along railroads and in pastures, waste places, and meadows.
Indiana Coefficient of Conservatism: C = null, non-native
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU
Diagnostic Traits: Fragrant grass; panicle spike-like; glumes very unequal in length, with lateral nerves prominent beyond the middle; 3 florets per spikelet, lower florets male, awned.