Herbs , perennial, rhizomatous, erect, decumbent, or reclining, simple or branched, 8-45 cm, mostly glabrous, with numerous black, glandular dots. Leaves alternate; petiole 1/8-1/4 length of blade, pubescent in lines with upwardly curved hairs. Leaf blade 3-5-veined from base, ovate to narrowly or broadly elliptic, 2-6.5 × 1-4 cm, base nearly rounded to broadly cuneate, apex acute to short-acuminate; surfaces mostly glabrous. Spikes terminal or terminal and axillary, 1-4, densely flowered, 3-13 cm, mature fruiting spikes 2-3 mm diam. Fruits sessile, very broadly ovoid to globose, 0.7-0.8 × 0.6-0.7 mm, warty; beak obliquely conic, 0.1-0.2 mm. Flowering all year. Epiphytic or terrestrial; 0-20 m; Fla.; West Indies; n South America.