Plants mat-forming. Culms (10)19-60 cm, decumbent, rooting at the
lower nodes before geniculately ascending, sometimes branching from the upper
nodes; nodes pubescent; internodes glabrous. Sheaths glabrous
or pubescent; ligules to 1 mm; blades 2-6(12) cm long, 3-6 mm wide,
pubescent (rarely pilose) on both surfaces, bases subcordate. Panicles
4-9 cm long, 0.5-1 cm wide, exserted, with 3-15 erect to appressed branches; branches
1-2 cm, hispidulous; pedicels 0.1-0.5 mm, pubescent. Spikelets (1.6)2-2.6
mm long, 0.8-1 mm wide, ovate. Lower glumes 0.3-0.5 mm, to 1/5 the spikelet
length; upper glumes (1.6)2-2.5 mm; lower lemmas longer than the
paleas, 5-veined, without cross-venation; upper lemmas (1.4)1.7-1.8 mm
long, 0.6-0.9 mm wide; anthers 0.5-1 mm, reddish. Caryopses 1-1.5
mm. 2n = 18, 36.
Moorochloa eruciformis is native from the Mediterranean to tropical
Africa and India. It tends to be a weedy species in many parts of the
world, growing in moist, disturbed sites. It has been grown for evaluation
as a forage crop at various experimental stations in the United States.
A few of these plantings have resulted in escapes that have persisted
for a short time, but the species has not become an established in the Flora region.
The map shows only records based on escapes.c