Stems ascending to erect, 1.5-9 dm, glabrous basally, glabrous or rarely very sparsely puberulent distally. Leaves usually ascending or spreading at 45-90°, dark grayish green, moderately thick and fleshy; petiole 0-0.3 cm; blade linear to linear-lanceolate, 4.5-10 × 0.1-0.5 cm, base attenuate, apex acute, surfaces glabrous or rarely with few small hairs adaxially, glabrous abaxially. Inflorescences: peduncle 4-8 mm, spreading stiff short hairy or glandular-pubescent, crosswalls of hairs pale; involucres dark green, opaque, moderately veiny, 4-7 mm in flower, 4-8 mm in fruit, softly hirtellous or glandular-hirtellous, bracts 30-40% connate, lobes narrowly ovate or triangular. Flowers: perianth bright red-purple, 1.3-2 cm. Fruits pale olive brown, 4.5-6 mm; ribs round, 0.5-0.8 times width of sulci, 0.5 times as wide as high, smooth or slightly warty or with warts equaling height of ribs; sulci smooth. Flowering late spring-early fall. Dry, open hillsides of igneous rock, shrubs, pinyon-juniper or mixed conifer woodlands; 1200-2000 m; Ariz., Calif., N.Mex.; Mexico (Sonora). Mirabiliscoccinea is easily confused with M.linearis var. linearis when the flowers are closed. The distinction is more difficult when plants are cleistogamous (phase Allioniagracillima in M.coccinea; phases A.pinetorum and Oxybaphusbodinii in M. linearis). In general, leaves of M. coccinea are oriented at an angle of 45° or greater to the stem, the distal portion of the main axis of the inflorescence is glabrous to 2-3 cm from the flowers, and the peduncles are sparingly short pubescent. In var. linearis, the leaves are generally oriented at 45° or less to the stem, the inflorescence is densely pubescent, and the peduncles are densely spreading-pubescent. Reports of the occurrence of M. coccinea in Texas (e.g., D. S. Correll and M. C. Johnston 1970) are apparently based on literature records and perhaps on a labeling error of a probable isotype collected by Charles Wright. No specimens have been seen from Texas. P. C. Standley (1911) discussed the unique nature of the fruit and perianth of this species relative to sect. Mirabilis and sect. Oxybaphus; in the original description, Torrey noted the species to be intermediate between Oxybaphus and Quamoclidion.
FNA 2003, Kearney and Peebles 1969, Wiggins 1964
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Perennial with ascending to erect stems, 15-90 cm long, glabrous basally, rarely very sparsely puberulent distally. Leaves: Opposite, usually ascending or spreading at 45-90 degrees, dark grayish green, moderately thick and fleshy, petiole 0-0.3 cm, blade linear to linear-lanceolate, 4.5-10 cm by 0.1-0.5 cm, attenuate base, acute apex, surfaces glabrous or rarely with few small hairs below, glabrous above. Flowers: Inflorescence on peduncle 4-8 mm, spreading stiff short hairy or glandular-pubescent; dark green involucres, opaque, veiny, 4-7 mm in flower, 4-8 mm in fruit, softly hirtellous or glandular-hirtellous, bracts 30-40 percent connate, lobes narrowly ovate or triangular; perianth bright red-purple, 1.3-2 cm. Fruits: Anthocarp pale olive brown, 4.5-6 mm, round ribs, finely puberulent. Ecology: Found on desert slopes from 4,000-6,500 ft (1219-1981 m); flowers May-August. Notes: Easily confused with M. linearis when flowers are closed; generally M. coccinea flowers are orientated at an angle of 45 degrees or greater to the stem, the latter is 45 degrees or less, in M. linearis the inflorescence is densely pubescent. Ethnobotany: Used as a wash for wounds and the root taken for gonorrhea. Etymology: Mirabilis is Latin for miraculous or wonderful, while coccinea means scarlet. Synonyms: Oxybaphus coccineus Editor: SBuckley, 2010