Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Herbaceous perennials, to tall, stems, herbage hairy. Leaves: Alternate, narrow, margins entire. Flowers: Large, yellow or orange, campanulate with rounded lobes, perianth or bracts, stamens 5, included, inserted on the corolla tube, filaments short, borne in terminal, scorpioid cymes or spikes. Fruits: 1-4 nutlets. Ecology: Found from - ft (-m); flowering Ethnobotany: There is no specific used recorded for the species, but the leaves of the genus were used as food, the ground flowers were used to make yellow paint, and the root was used to make a purple dye. Synonyms: None Editor: LCrumbacher 2011 Etymology: Lithospermum comes from the Greek lithos, "stone," and sperma, "seed", while the meaning of confine is unknown.