Shrubs or trees , to 7.5 m. Bark gray, fissured, scaly. Branchlets greenish, pubescent; lenticels light colored, elliptic, prominent. Buds ovoid, slightly compressed, 3-4 mm, apex acute; outer scales dark brown, pubescent and minutely ciliate; leaf scars half round to irregularly circular, bundle scars numerous, in circle. Leaves: stipules linear-lanceolate, 3-5 mm, papery, pubescent; petiole 0.3-0.6(-1.5) cm, pubescent. Leaf blade ovate, sometimes 3-5-lobed, 2-7(-9) × 1-4(-7) cm, base rounded to nearly cordate, margins serrate or crenate-serrate, apex acute to acuminate; surfaces abaxially harshly scabrous or pubescent, somewhat paler than adaxial surface, adaxially harshly scabrous. Catkins: staminate, 1-2 cm; pistillate, 8-12 × 5-7 mm, peduncle 3-7 mm, pubescent. Flowers: staminate and pistillate on different plants. Staminate flowers: calyx lobes green to reddish, rounded, hairy; stamens 4; filiments filiform. Pistillate flowers: ovary dark green, broadly ovoid, slightly compressed, 1.5-2 × 1 mm, glabrous; style branches divergent, whitish, sessile, ca. 1.5 mm; stigma papillate. Syncarps red, purple, or black, short-cylindric, 1-1.5 cm; achenes yellowish, oval, flattened, ca. 2 mm, smooth. Flowering spring. In canyons on limestone and igneous slopes, usually along streams; 200-2200 m; Ariz., N.Mex., Okla., Tex.; Mexico.
Wiggins 1964, FNA 1997
Common Name: Texas mulberry Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Tree Wetland Status: FACU General: Shrub or small tree with smooth, light gray bark, up to 11 m tall. Leaves: Smaller than other Morus, blades up to 7 cm long, roughly ovate, frequently lobed, with toothed margins, extended tip, rounded or slightly lobed base. Flowers: Inconspicuous, drooping clusters. Fruits: Cluster of minute, fleshy, berrylike fruits from red to black. Ecology: Found on hillsides, slopes, in canyons from 3,500-5,000 ft (1067-1524 m); flowers March-April. Distribution: AZ, NM, TX, s OK; south to n MEX. Notes: Distinguished as a diecious large shrub to small tree with pubescent branchlets; dimorphic (some of the leaves lobed and others entire), serrate leaves with a sandpapery texture due to rough hairs (scabrous); and the dark-purple to red delicious berries. Berries eaten by many birds, leaves are a favorite food for worms. Ethnobotany: Berries eaten raw, dried and used as a spread, or pressed into pulpy cakes, dried and stored. Twigs split in half lengthwise to make baskets. Etymology: Morus is the classical name for mulberry, microphylla refers to being small-leaved. Synonyms: Morus confinis, M. crataegifolia, M. grisea, M. radulina Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015