Plants perennial; loosely tufted, with long, creeping rhizomes. Culms
20-60 cm, erect; lower nodes glabrous or pubescent; upper nodes
glabrous. Leaves mainly cauline; sheaths usually glabrous, lower
sheaths sometimes pubescent; ligules 0.4-1 mm, truncate, entire to lacerate;
blades 5-11.5 cm long, 3-4.5 mm wide, glabrous, usually flat or folded.
Panicles simple, 12-24 cm long, 19-40 cm wide, open; nodes hispid;
branches divergent; lower primary branches 10-21 cm, with 1-several
sterile branches near the base; pedicels divergent, spikelets solitary.
Spikelets 3.5-4.6 mm long, 0.8-1 mm wide, elliptical. Lower glumes
0.2-0.5 mm; upper glumes 3-3.8 mm, 5-7-veined, densely villous between
the veins, hairs white, becoming purple at maturity; lower lemmas similar
to the upper glumes in size, texture, and pubescence; upper lemmas 3-3.7
mm, narrowly acute, dark brown; anthers 1.1-1.4 mm. Caryopses 1.5-2
mm. 2n = 36, 37.
Digitaria arenicola is endemic to deep sands along the coast of Texas,
a very restricted habitat and one that is being lost to the development of coastal
parks and housing.