Biennials or perennials; short-lived; apomictic or sexual; caudex present or absent. Stems usually 1 per caudex branch, arising from center of rosette near ground surface, 2-6.7 dm, densely pubescent proximally, trichomes short-stalked, 4-8-rayed, 0.1-0.3 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent distally. Basal leaves: blade oblanceolate, 2-5 mm wide, margins entire, sometimes ciliate near petiole base, trichomes (usually simple), to 0.7 mm, surfaces sparsely to moderately pubescent, trichomes short-stalked, 4-8-rayed, 0.1-0.3 mm. Cauline leaves: 7-40, often concealing stem proximally; blade auricles 1-4 mm, surfaces of distalmost leaves glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Racemes 10-60-flowered, usually unbranched. Fruiting pedicels descending to reflexed, most abruptly recurved near base, 5-10 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, trichomes appressed, branched. Flowers divaricate to pendent at anthesis; sepals pubescent; petals white, 4-8 × 1-2 mm, glabrous; pollen ellipsoid or spheroid. Fruits descending to reflexed, not appressed to rachis, strongly secund, often curved, edges parallel, 0.35-0.65 cm × (2-)2.2-2.5 mm; valves glabrous; ovules 80-102 per ovary. Seeds uniseriate to sub-biseriate, 1.4-1.7 × 1-1.2 mm; wing continuous, to 0.2 mm wide. 2n = 14, 21. Flowering Jul-Aug. Rocky slopes and gravelly soil near coast; 100-300 m; Greenland. Both sexual diploid and apomictic triploid collections of Boechera holboellii are known; available data suggest that the triploid is an autopolyploid derivative of the sexual diploid but further study is needed. In the narrow circumscription adopted here, it appears to be restricted to Greenland (see discussion of B. quebecensis in M. D. Windham and I. A. Al-Shehbaz 2007b).
Biennial or short-lived perennial 2-9 dm, densely pubescent with dendritically branched hairs, those of the stem appressed; basal lvs oblanceolate, 2-5 cm, the cauline lance-linear to oblong, 1-4 cm, usually erect, auriculate, mostly revolute-margined; pet pink to white, 7-10 mm; mature pedicels abruptly deflexed at base, 6-15 mm; frs pendent, 3-8 cm נ1-2 mm, the valves 1-nerved below the middle; seeds in 1 row, suborbicular, 1 mm; 2n=14, 21, 28, 35, 42. Dry rocky or gravelly soil; Greenl. to Alas., s. to Que., n. Mich., Colo., and Calif. June, July. Our plants, as here described, are var. retrofracta (Graham) Rydb., a chiefly cordilleran phase that also occurs in n. Mich.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.