Plants perennial; cespitose. Culms erect, with 2-3 nodes, not branching at the upper nodes; basal branching intravaginal; prophylls concealed by the leaf sheaths, winged over the keels, apices bifid, teeth 0.5-3.5 mm. Leaves mostly basal; sheaths open, smooth, glabrous; cleistogenes often present, spikelets of cleistogenes 0.5-1 mm long, with thin glumes shorter than the florets, florets unawned or with reduced awns; auricles absent; ligules scarious, rounded to acute, ciliate; blades stiff, involute, apices stiff, brown, sharply pointed, blades of the flag leaves 5-13 cm long, bases similar in width to the top of the sheaths. Inflorescences panicles, the main panicle terminal, apparently wholly chasmogamous. Spikelets with 1 floret; disarticulation above the glumes, beneath the floret. Glumes exceeding the floret, acute to acuminate, 1-5-veined; florets fusiform, terete; calluses antrorsely strigose, blunt; lemmas pubescent, often more densely and/or more persistently so over the midvein and lateral veins, hairs on the proximal portion about 0.7-2 mm, hairs on the distal portion often longer; crowns not developed; awns once- or twice-geniculate, scabrous, persistent; paleas 3/4 as long as to almost equaling the lemmas, flat, hairy, hairs 0.2-1 mm, veins terminating at or near the apices, apices similar in texture to the body; lodicules 3; anthers 3, anthers sometimes all of equal size and more than 2 mm, sometimes 1 longer than 2 mm and 2 much shorter, sometimes all shorter than 2 mm; ovaries glabrous; styles with 2 branches, united at the base, stigmas plumose. Caryopses obovoid, with 3 smooth, longitudinal ribs at maturity, stylar bases 1-2 mm, persistent, sometimes eccentric; hila linear, about as long as the caryopses. x = unknown.