ivyleaf groundcherry, more...
[Physalis hederaefolia Holz., more]
Plant: Perennial branched forb 10-30 cm; herbage usually pubescent and glandular Leaves: leaves alternate, petiolate, ovate, 2-4 cm long with deeply toothed margins Flowers: flowers campanulate, yellowish-green, dark at base of limb; calyx becoming greatly enlarged, papery, enclosing the globose, berry fruit.
Wiggins 1964, Martin and Hutchins 1980, Kearney and Peebles 1969, Landrum et al. 2013
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Subshrub General: Erect or rarely decumbent, cinereous-puberulent perennial 30-50 cm tall. Leaves: Petioles 5-35 mm long, blades ovate-deltoid to cordate-subreniform, 1-3 cm wide, 1.5-5 cm long, coarsely sinuate-dentate, acute to rounded at apex, broadly cuneate to cordate at base. Flowers: Pedicels 5-15 mm long at anthesis, recurved with flowers nodding, calyx tubular-campanulate, 6-8 mm long, viscid-puberulent, lobes lance-deltoid, two-thirds to about four-fifths as long as tube at anthesis; corolla campanulate-rotate, 12-15 mm wide, yellow with greenish throat in center; fruiting calyces ovoid, obtusely 10-angled, strongly reticulate-veined, 2-3 cm long, usually two to three times as long as pedicels. Fruits: Ovoid yellow berries. Ecology: Found on sandy soils from 3,000-7,000 ft (914-2134 m); flowers June-September. Distribution: CA east to LA and N to MT; south to s MEX. Notes: Distinguished as being a perennial from long roots with anywhere from a loose-ascending to a mound habit; glandular or branched hairs all over; dentate, ovate leaves and a peduncle about as long as the flower (twice as long as flower in P. crassifolia). There are two varieties in our region: var. fendleri and var. hederifolia. The latter appears to be more widespread. Var. fendleri is distinguished by the herbage having many short branched hairs and leaves that are ovate-lanceolate to cordate-ovate, var. hederifolia has glandular foliage. Ethnobotany: Var. fendleri was eaten raw or cooked, or boiled in water and served as a condiment. Etymology: Physalis from Greek physallis, a bladder or bubble, due to inflated calyx, while hederifolia means having leaves like ivy. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015