Linaria dalmatica is a perennial with ovate leaves which are clasping at the base. The corolla is yellow and there is a spur held below with the axis of the flower nearly parallel to the stem. Linaria dalmatica is found at the roadside at middle elevation near Silver City.
Stout, glaucous perennial, branched above, 4-12 dm, colonial by creeping roots; lvs numerous, ovate or lance-ovate, sessile and clasping, palmately veined, 2-5 נ1-2+ cm; fls short-pedicellate or subsessile in elongate racemes, bright yellow, with well developed, orange-bearded palate, 2.5-4 cm, the spur about as long as the rest of the cor; fr broadly ovoid-cylindric, 6-8 mm; seeds irregularly wing-angled; 2n=12. Roadsides and other disturbed sites; e. Mediterranean sp., now well established in arid w. U.S., and occasional with us. July, Aug.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
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Duration: Perennial Nativity: Non-Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Herbaceous perennials, to 1 m tall, stems erect, simple or branching at the base, herbage glabrous, leaves crowded on the stems. Leaves: Opposite, alternate (distally) or whorled, sessile and clasping, rigid, lanceolate to ovate with acute to long-tapered tips, generally wider on non-flower shoots, margins entire to dentate, surfaces pinnately veined. Flowers: Yellow, densely white- to orange-hairy, flowers 5-lobed and 2-lipped, the lower lip rounded on top and larger than the upper lip, corollas 20-50 mm long, lower lip closing the throat and side of tube spurred at base, lower side of throat swollen and hairy, sepals 5, free to near base, with roughly equal lobes, calyx 2-12 mm long with linear to triangular-ovate lobes, stigma lobes absent, stamens 4, in 2 pairs, included, flowers borne in dense to open spikes or racemes, the terminal bracts reduced and alternate, pedicels 1-13 mm long. Fruits: Spheric capsules opening by slits into chambers near tip, 3-7 mm long. Seeds many, pyramid-shaped, roughly 1 mm long with ridged surfaces. Ecology: Naturalized, found on roadsides, in fields, open areas in yellow-pine forest, pinyon/juniper woodland, and sagebrush scrub communities, to 6,500 ft (1981 m); flowering April-September. Distribution: Widespread across much of the United States, including Arizona, New Mexico, California, and Nevada. Not present in Texas. For more information, see the USDA Plants website or FNA. Notes: This pretty toadflax has bright yellow flowers on long, slender infloresences. Ethnobotany: Specific uses for this species are unknown, but other species in the genus have uses. Synonyms: None Editor: LCrumbacher2012 Etymology: Linaria comes from the Latin linum, "flax," referring to the flax-like leaves of some species, and dalmatica means of or from Dalmatia on the Adriatic side of the Balkan Peninsula.