Hybanthus verticillatus (Ortega) Baill.
Family: Violaceae
babyslippers,  more...
[Hybanthus verticillatus var. platyphyllus (A.Gray) Cory & H.B.Parks]
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Max Licher  
Plant: small perennial shrub; 13-40 cm tall; stems erect, leafy, often many branched from a slightly woody base, glabrous to strigose or pilose Leaves: stipules 3-40 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, leaf-like, but smaller, linear to lanceolate, glabrous to hirsute, gland-tipped; petioles none to ca. 1 mm long; blades 1.5-5 cm long, 1.5-8 mm wide, linear, lanceolate to oblanceolate, glabrous to pubescent; tip acute; margins usually entire, ciliate or not; lower and upper leaves alternate INFLORESCENCE: flowers 1 in leaf axil, the pedicels 0.7-1.4 cm long, hirsute to densely pubescent, erect, horizontal, or usually pendant Flowers: sepals ovate to lanceolate, with midrib often slightly inflated and forming a keel, entire to ciliate, 1.5-3 mm long, 0.5-1 mm wide at base; petals greenish white or yellowish with purple tips, the lower petals 2.5-6 mm long, spatulate, the tip 1-3 mm wide above a median constriction, this 0.5 mm wide, the petal base 1-2 mm wide, glabrous to short-pilose on both surfaces; lateral petals ca. 3 mm long, purple-tinged; upper petals ca. 2-3 mm long, purple-tipped. Presence of cleistogamous flowers not determined Fruit: FRUITS 4-6 mm long, globose to ovoid, usually short-beaked, glabrous; SEEDS usually 6 per capsule, globose to somewhat flattened with angular edges, dark brown to shiny black; caruncle white to cream, hood shaped Misc: Dry plains and mesas, desert grasslands, chaparral, and riparian habitats; 350-1650 m (1100-5400 ft); Apr-Oct REFERENCES: Little, R. John. Violaceae. 2001. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 33(1).
A southwestern sp., closely approaches our range in e. Kans. and may be sought in Mo. It is smaller, seldom over 4 dm, with narrow, subsessile, alternate to casually opposite or even verticillate lvs mostly well under 1 cm wide, and with smaller fls, frs, and seeds.

Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Little 2001, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Suffrutescent perennial with erect, leafy stems, often many-branched from woody base, 13-40 cm tall, herbage glabrous to strigose or pilose. Leaves: Alternate and sessile to subsessile; stipules 3-40 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, leaf-like, but smaller, linear to lanceolate, gland-tipped; blades 1-5 cm long, to 1 cm wide, linear to lanceolate, glabrous to pubescent; apex acute, margins usually entire, ciliate or not. Flowers: Inconspicuous, purple-tinged, and solitary in leaf axils, on usually pendant, 1 cm long pedicels; sepals ovate to lanceolate, midrib often slightly inflated and forming a keel, entire to ciliate, 2-3 mm long, 0.5-1 mm wide at base; 5 petals, the lower petal larger and the lateral and upper petals reduced; petals greenish white or yellowish with purple tips, lower petals 3-6 mm long, spatulate, tip 1-3 mm wide above median constriction, this 0.5 mm wide, petal base 1-2 mm wide, glabrous to short-pilose on both surfaces; lateral petals about 3 mm long, purple tinged; upper petals 2-3 mm long, purple tipped. Fruits: Globose to ovoid capsule 4-6 mm long, usually short-beaked and glabrous. Seeds usually 6 per capsule, dark brown to shiny black; caruncles (appendages on seeds) white to cream-colored, hood-shaped. Ecology: Found on dry flats, in grasslands, chaparral, and riparian habitats from 1,000-5,500 ft (305-1676 m); flowers April-October. Distribution: AZ, s NM, s CO, KA, TX, OK; south to s MEX. Notes: A small perennial with linear, often dark-green leaves; the small, two-lipped, purple flowers and following dangling, globose fruits are often hidden behind leaves. This is an easy species to miss. There are two species of Hybanthus in Arizona; H. attenuatus is annual, with petiolate leaves and slightly larger flowers in clusters of 2-4 in the leaf axils; H. verticillatus is a perennial with sessile to subsessile leaves, and flowers solitary in the leaf axils. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Hybanthus is from Greek hybos for humpbacked and anthos for flower, referring to the genus-s unique floral morphology; verticillatus means whorled, though neither the leaf nor the flower arrangement is whorled on this species. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015, AHazelton 2015
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Max Licher  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Max Licher  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Liz Makings  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Max Licher  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Max Licher  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Sue Carnahan  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Patrick Alexander  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Patrick Alexander  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Patrick Alexander  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Patrick Alexander  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Sue Carnahan  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Liz Makings  
Hybanthus verticillatus image
Hybanthus verticillatus image
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Hybanthus verticillatus image
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