Gentiana spp.
Family: Gentianaceae
Gentiana image
© 2010 John Game  
PLANTS: Annual, biennial, or perennial herbs. STEMS: l-several, simple or sparsely branched. LEAVES: opposite, sessile, often gradually reduced and scale-like below, rarely forming a basal rosette. FLOWERS: sessile or pedicellate, solitary or in open or congested cymes; calyx of (4-)5(-6) sepals, the lobes minute to well developed, the tube usually with an intracalycine membrane around the upper rim; corolla marcescent, (4-)5(-6)-lobed, funnelform, cylindric, fusiform, or campanulate, the lobes large and prominent to obsolete, the tube with plicate appendages (plicae) between the lobes, these entire or variously toothed or divided; stamens (4-)5(-6); pistil stipitate or sessile with glands at the base. FRUIT: a capsule protruding from or included in the marcescent corolla. SEEDS: numerous, usually with a marginal wing. NOTES: Ca. 200 spp; world-wide, most common in montane areas of the n hemisphere. (For Gentius, King of Illyria). REFERENCES: Mason, Charles T. 1998 Gentianaceae. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. 30(2): 84.
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Image of Gentiana arctophila
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Image of Gentiana austromontana
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Image of Gentiana copelandii
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Image of Gentiana decumbens
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Image of Gentiana distegia
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Image of Gentiana elliottii
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Image of Gentiana helleri
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Image of Gentiana infelix
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Image of Gentiana longicollis
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Image of Gentiana macrophylla
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Image of Gentiana monantha
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Image of Gentiana plebeia
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Image of Gentiana polyantha
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Image of Gentiana procera
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Image of Gentiana purpurea
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Image of Gentiana quinquefolia
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Image of Gentiana scabra
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Image of Gentiana tonsa
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Image of Gentiana utriculosa
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Image of Gentiana ventricosa
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Image of Gentianella germanica
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