Castilleja integra A. Gray
Family: Orobanchaceae
wholeleaf Indian paintbrush,  more...
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Max Licher  
Castilleja integra is the most common middle elevation Indian Paintbrush in the Gila National Forest. Higher up, one finds Castilleja austomontana, and in the desert areas there is Castilleja lanata. Castilleja integra has leaves that are glabrous on the upper surface and tomentose on the bottom. It is a perennial with stout stems and linear leaves. The floral bracts are red.
Martin and Hutchins 1980, Kearney and Peebles 1969, Wiggins 1964
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Subshrub General: Perennial with several stout stems, 10-40 cm tall, with woody rootstock, covered in tangled woolly hairs. Leaves: Linear to linear-lanceolate, entire, to 7 cm long, glabrous on the upper surface, tomentose to villous beneath. Flowers: Inflorescence a dense spike, usually elongating at anthesis; floral bracts obovate, scarlet to various shades of red, entire of some with linear lateral lobes; upper part of bract glandular-pubescent, lower part villous; calyx equally cleft on both upper and lower sides, yellow and villous except scarlet and glandular-pubescent at the apex; corolla 25-30 mm long, exserted, upper hood as long or shorter than corolla tube, green and glandular-pubescent with red scabrous margins, lower lip green, lobes very short. Fruits: Ovoid loculicidal capsule 10-14 mm long, with numerous seeds. Ecology: Found on dry rocky slopes from 4,500-10,500 ft (1372-3200 m); flowers March-October. Distribution: AZ, NM, CO, w TX; n MEX. Notes: One of the more widespread Castilleja found in the region. Distinguished by being perennial, having densely hairy stems, the bracts below flowers (often colored and resembling petals) being entire or toothed near the apex. Much like C. austromontana, but different with its smaller linear, entire leaves. In our region there are two varieties: var. gloriosa and var. integra. There is not much clarity as to the variety distinctions, so it is a worthy collection to make. Ethnobotany: Used for burns, an infusion taken for stomach troubles, as a blood medicine, as a dye, as a ceremonial decoration, and as a preservative when mixed with chile. Etymology: Castilleja is for the Spanish botanist Domingo Castillejo (1744-1793), while integra means entire, undivided, or without teeth. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015
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Patrick Alexander  
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Max Licher  
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Liz Makings  
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Max Licher  
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Max Licher  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Photo ©Al Schneider, swcoloradowildflowers.com  
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Photo ©Al Schneider, swcoloradowildflowers.com  
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Kirstin Phillips  
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Kirstin Phillips  
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Kirstin Phillips