Stems prostrate, 2-4 dm, very leafy, bristly especially when young; lvs short-petioled, broadly elliptic to subrotund, 5-10 mm, smooth above, sparsely bristly beneath; fls few, 4-merous, on recurved pedicels 1 mm; cal campanulate; cor campanulate, 2-5 mm, the rounded lobes a third as long as the tube; filaments obovate; ovary partly inferior; fr white, 5-10 mm; 2n=24. Bogs and wet woods, often on decaying logs; Nf. and Lab. to B.C., s. to N.J., Pa., Mich., and Minn., and in the mts. to N.C. May, June. (Chiogenes h.)
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.