Fraxinus velutina Torr.
Family: Oleaceae
velvet ash,  more...
[Fraxinus coriacea ,  more]
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Max Licher  
Wiggins 1964, Benson and Darrow 1981
Common Name: velvet ash Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Tree Wetland Status: FAC General: Small to medium sized trees, 8-9 m tall, occasionally reaching 12-15 m tall, 30-45 cm in diameter, a rounded crown composed of many thin, spreading branches and bark gray to grayish-red, furrowed and zig-zagged with opposite branching twigs light gray covered with small, fine hairs, becoming shiny gray and hairless. Leaves: Opposite, pinnately compound, 10-13 cm in length with 3-5 elliptical or oval leaflets with pointed tips, the leaflet margins may be finely round toothed, pale green and shiny above, green and slightly hairy below, young leaves covered with velvety hairs. Flowers: Buds approximately 0.3 cm in length, comprised of three slightly hairy, oval-shaped scales, large, dark chocolate buds with fine, dark hairs, the flowers covered by bud scales with dense hairs, with clusters of inconspicuous flowers on thin stalks. Fruits: Samara flat, paddle shaped 2 cm in length and less than 1 cm wide, the paddle end may be slightly notched. Ecology: Found in moist soils along streams and riparian areas from 3,000-7,000 ft (914-2134 m); flowers March-May. Distribution: s and c CA, s NV, s UT, AZ, NM, s TX; south to c MEX; Europe. Notes: Characterized by being a small to large tree of riparian areas with opposite leaves, with 3-5 leaflets having pointed tips, and winged fruits. Ethnobotany: Hualapai used wood to make bows, and as a sharp tool for gathering mescal agave. Etymology: Fraxinus is the classical Latin name for the genus, while velutina refers to velvety. Synonyms: Fraxinus pennsylvanica ssp velutina, F. velutina var. coriacea, F. velutina var. glabra, F. velutina var. toumeyi Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015
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L.R. Landrum  
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David Thornburg  
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Arizona State University Herbarium  
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Anne Barber  
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Dustin Wolkis  
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Anne Barber  
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Dustin Wolkis  
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Anne Barber  
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