Menodora scabra A. Gray
Family: Oleaceae
rough menodora,  more...
[Menodora scabra var. glabrescens A. Gray,  more]
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Max Licher  
Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Common Name: rough menodora Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Subshrub General: Subshrub from woody caudex and woody base, with several to many erect stems, 10-40 cm, stems, leaves and calyx minutely but distinctly scabrous-puberulent, at least along margins of leaves and sepals, stems sometimes subglabrate. Leaves: Opposite below, becoming alternate above, subsessile, linear-oblong to elliptic-oblong, acute at apex, cuneate at base, 1.5-6 mm wide, 1-3 cm long, margins faintly revolute or plane. Flowers: Corymbose inflorescence with pedicels 1-5 mm long, minutely scabrous; calyx lobes 7-13, linear, 3-5 mm long at anthesis, acute to apiculate at apex; corolla yellow, tube about equaling calyx lobes, lobes broadly obovate, 3.5-6 mm wide, 6-8 mm long, rounded; 2 stamens, 6-10 mm long, somewhat exserted. Fruits: Thin walled capsule 6-9 mm long and 1.5 cm wide, circumcessile, shining. Ecology: Found on arid slopes from 1,500-7,500 ft (457-2286 m); flowers March-September. Distribution: s CA, s UT, AZ, s CO; NM, s TX; south to n MEX. Notes: Distinguished by the many green stems from a woody base; the opposite, narrow, linear-oblong leaves that become alternate above, and the cymes with 5-lobed bright yellow flowers that have only 2 stamens (a key character of the Oleaceae), and the fruits resembling two shiny globes in which the top pops off (circumsessile), leaving behind two thin-walled cups. Ethnobotany: Root used for backbone pain, cold infusion for heartburn, to facilitate labor, and as a life medicine. Etymology: Menodora comes from Greek menos, force, and doron, gift, while scabra means rough or scurfy. Synonyms: Menodora scabra var. glabrescens, M. scabra var. laevis, M. scabra var. longituba, M. scabra var. ramosissima Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015
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Leslie Landrum  
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Max Licher  
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Liz Makings  
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Max Licher  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Ries Lindley  
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L.R. Landrum  
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Ries Lindley  
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Ana L. Reina-Guerrero  
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Kirstin Phillips  
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Steve Blackwell  
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Steve Blackwell  
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L.R. Landrum  
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Kirstin Phillips  
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Steve Blackwell  
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