Shrubs, 30-250 cm. Stems usually sparsely tomentose or pilose. Leaves sessile; blades oblong or oblong-obovate to widely obovate, 13-35(-50) × 5-17(-24) mm, coriaceous, bases clasping to subclasping, margins spinulose-dentate (teeth in 3-13 pairs), adaxial faces glabrous to sparsely puberulent. Heads borne in racemo-spiciform or glomerate-spiciform arrays. Involucres turbinate, 8-16 × 7-10 mm. Phyllaries apically spreading to reflexed, oblong, apices with green area 1-2 mm, faces prominently stipitate-glandular (at least apically). Ray florets 0. Disc florets 9-30; corollas 9-11 mm. Cypselae 5-8 mm, glabrous.