elephant tree, more...
[Elaphrium microphylla (A. Gray) Rose]
Eugene, (Gene) Sturla
Plant: Small trees or shrubs to 6 m high, the outer bark of the main trunk exfoliating in strips (sometimes in sheets); twigs maroon to reddish brown, with abundant aromatic, transparent resin Leaves: 1-5(-10) cm long, 0.7-2(-3) cm wide; petiole ca. 0.5-2 cm long; leaflets (5-)11-23(-29), (2-)3-10(-16) mm long, (0.8-)1-2.5(-3.5) mm wide, narrowly oblong to linear (rarely lanceolate), the margins entire (rarely irregularly dentate), the terminal leaflet sometimes orbicular, equal to or shorter than the laterals INFLORESCENCE: panicle, 0.8-2 cm long Flowers: small; sepals in ours light green to slightly reddish, triangular, as many as petals, 1-2 mm long (in ours), basally connate, valvate; petals in ours reflexed at anthesis, white-cream colored (in ours) to pale yellow, greenish or reddish, lanceolate, valvate, 3-4 mm long (in ours), 3 (-5) in pistillate flowers, (3-)5 in staminate flowers; stamens in ours about twice the number of petals, in two whorls, inserted in the base of the nectar-disc, mostly smaller and sterile in pistillate flowers, the filaments ca. 1 mm long, the anthers 1.5-2 mm long; nectar-disc annular, 6-10 lobed, light yellowish-cream (in ours); pistil with 2 or in ours 3 carpels with stigma lobes and locules equalling carpels in number, the style short; ovules 2 per locule Fruit: with 1 valve per carpel, in ours purplish-green, 5-7 mm long, 5-6 mm wide; peduncle recurved; SEEDS at maturity with a thin orangish-red aril (in ours), 5-6 mm long Misc: Rocky slopes and canyons; 150-1000 m (500-3200 ft); (May)Jun-July(Aug, Oct) Notes: bark peeling and gnarled References: A. Salywon. Burseraceae. JANAS 32:29-31.ASU specimens.