Viola canadensis L.  
Family: Violaceae
Canadian white violet,  more...
Viola canadensis image
Max Licher  
Plant: perennial herb; 15-23 cm tall. STEMS erect, branched above, glabrous to puberulent, from vertical rootstalks or creeping rhizomes Leaves: simple, basal and cauline; blades with sparse hairs along major veins, the margins ciliate especially at base; basal leaf petioles 50-120 mm long, puberulent, the blades 22-62 mm long, 24-67 mm wide, ovate-reniform, serrate, the base cordate, the tip attenuate, acute; cauline leaf petioles 5-52 mm long, the blades 31-55 mm long, 21-43 mm wide, ovate to triangular, serrate, the base cuneate, truncate or cordate, the tip acute INFLORESCENCE: axillary, the pedicels to 2.2 cm long, glabrous to puberulent Flowers: from upper leaf axils; sepals to 6 mm long; petals white, the lower 3 with yellow eyespot and purple-veined, the lateral 2 white-bearded, the outer side of petals often purple-tinged, the lowest petal (including spur) 8-9 mm long, the spur short, gibbous Fruit: FRUITS 3-6.5 mm long, glabrous; SEEDS ca. 15-20, usually ovoid, with a prominent caruncle Misc: Riparian habitats in coniferous or aspen forests, or moist, shaded slopes in sandy, rich, or rocky soil; 1200-3550 m (4000-11,600 ft); Mar-Oct REFERENCES: Little, R. John. Violaceae. 2001. J. Ariz. – Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 33(1).
Viola canadensis image
Max Licher  
Viola canadensis image
Liz Makings  
Viola canadensis image
Max Licher  
Viola canadensis image
Max Licher  
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