hare's ear mustard, more...
[Brassica orientalis L.]
sometimes winter annuals. Stems
mostly simple, (1-)3-7 dm. Basal leaves:
blade (slightly fleshy), pale green, oblanceolate to obovate, 5-9 cm, margins ± entire. Cauline leaves:
blade oblong to elliptic or lanceolate, (1-)3-10(-15) cm × (5-)20-25 (-50) mm, base deeply cordate-amplexicaul, apex rounded. Fruiting pedicels
ascending, straight or curved-ascending, (8-)10-15(-20) mm. Flowers:
sepals 6-8 × 1-1.5 mm, median pair narrower than lateral, apex acute; petals 7-12 × 2-3 mm, base attenuate, claw usually as long as sepal; filaments 5-7 mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Fruits
± torulose, strongly 4-angled to ± cylindrical, 1-nerved, keeled, (5-)8-14 cm × 2-2.5 mm; style cylindrical, 0.5-4 mm. Seeds
brown, 2-2.9 × 1.2-1.5 mm. 2n
= 14. Flowering (Mar in Texas) May-Aug. Cultivated lands, grain fields, disturbed areas, waste places, roadsides, gardens; 0-3500 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; introduced also in Mexico, nw Africa, Australia. Conringia orientalis
was collected on ballast in New York as early as 1879. It is most abundant in the plains and prairies of both the United States and Canada (I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1985; R. C. Rollins and Al-Shehbaz 1986). In disturbed places, it has penetrated into the native vegetation over a wide area.
Plant: Annual; stem 3-7 dm, generally simple Leaves: basal 5-9 cm, oblanceolate to obovate, narrowed to base, ± entire; cauline sessile, oblong-lanceolate INFLORESCENCE: raceme, ± flat-topped; bracts 0 Flowers: bisexual; sepals 4, free, erect, 6-8 mm, acute; petals free, 7-12 mm, lemon to creamy yellow, claws slender; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed Fruit: capsule, 8-13 cm, ± beaded, 4-angled to ± cylindric; pedicel ascending, 10-15 mm; style ± 1 mm, thick; Seeds: 1 row per chamber, oblong, plump; wing 0; embryonic root at back of 1 cotyledon or twisted Misc: Fields, roadsides, open, disturbed places; < 900 m.; Apr-Jun