sand fringepod, more...
[Thysanocarpus amplectens Greene, more]
1-6(-8) dm. Basal leaves:
blade oblanceolate to obovate, 1-6(-13) cm, margins subentire to sinuate-dentate, surfaces often hirsute, sometimes glabrous, (trichomes white, 0.3-0.6 mm). Cauline leaves:
blade lanceolate, widest at base, base auriculate-clasping, auricles extending around stem (at least some leaves). Racemes:
internodes 3-6(-9) mm in fruit. Fruiting pedicels
smoothly recurved, (proximal) 3-7(-12) mm. Fruits
flat or plano-convex, obovate to nearly orbicular, [3-6(-9) mm wide]; valves pubescent or glabrous, trichomes clavate and 0.2-0.4 mm, or pointed and ± 0.2 mm; wing entire, perforate, or incised, rays absent or distinct, (0-)0.2-0.5 mm wide. Flowering Feb-Jun. Rocky slopes, washes, oak woodlands, streamsides, meadows, sometimes serpentine soils; 150-2000 m; B.C.; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash.; Mexico (Baja California, Sonora). Thysanocarpus curvipes
is the most widespread and variable species in the genus. Variants have been named as varieties or species, but they grade into each other imperceptibly. Notable among these are var. elegans
, a form with incised or perforate fruit wings, and var. eradiatus
, a form with rayless, entire wings. Some of these may be the result of hybridization with other taxa. For instance, var. elegans
has large fruits and occurs in the vicinity of T. radians
, the largest-fruited member of the genus. Furthermore, fruits of var. elegans
often have pointed hairs like those usually found on fruits of T. radians
; such hairs are not found on fruits of any other members of the genus. Thysanocarpus curvipes
includes both diploid and tetraploid populations (M. D. Windham, unpubl.), but these do not appear to segregate into recognizable groups. Although the variation in T. curvipes
is considerable, its great complexity prevents recognition of infraspecific taxa at this time.
Plant: annual; stem 1.5-8 dm, branched or not; hairs generally below Leaves: simple, (ob)lanceolate; basal, lower cauline ± petioled or not, 1.5-5(7) cm, dentate to shallowly lobed; middle and upper cauline sessile, entire to dentate, base lobed, clasping stem INFLORESCENCE: racemes, elongate; bracts 0 Flowers: bisexual; sepals 4, free, ± 1 mm, often purplish, margin white; petals ± = sepals, narrow, white or purple-tinged; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2-lobed Fruit: capsule with 2 deciduous valves, 5-8 mm, elliptic to round, hairy or not; wing entire, wavy-margined, or crenate, often perforated; rays 0 or ± indistinct; pedicel recurved, 4-7 mm; style 0.5-1.5(2) mm, included in or exserted from sinus; Seed 1, smooth; embryonic root at edges of both cotyledons Misc: Slopes, washes, moist meadows; < 1800 m.; Mar-May Notes: petals narrow; pedicels 3-7mm, recurved; fruit round, flat, margin wavy or lacy References: J.C. Hickman, ed. The Jepson Manual. W.B. McDougal. Seed plants of Northern Arizona. USDA website.ASU specimens.