[Arctostaphylos acutifolia Eastw., more]
L. R. Landrum
erect or mound-forming, 1-3 m; burl usually absent, sometimes flat, obscure; twigs usually densely short-hairy with golden glands on tips of hairs, rarely short white-hairy and eglandular. Leaves:
petiole 7-15 mm; blade bright green (lightly gray-green if short-hairy), shiny, widely ovate to orbiculate, 2.5-6 × 1.5-4 cm, base rounded, truncate, or slightly lobed, (not clasping), margins entire, plane, surfaces smooth, glabrous or, rarely, short-hairy. Inflorescences
panicles, 2-8-branched; immature inflorescence pendent, branches spreading, axis 1.5-3 cm, 1+ mm diam., hairy with golden glands on tips of hairs or short-hairy and eglandular; bracts appressed with incurved tips, scalelike, deltate, 4-6 mm, apex acuminate, surfaces usually densely tomentose with golden glands on tips of hairs, rarely short white-hairy and eglandular. Pedicels
2-7 mm, glabrous or white-hairy. Flowers:
corolla mostly pink, conic to urceolate; ovary glabrous or white-hairy. Fruits
depressed-globose, sometimes subglobose, 7-10 mm diam., glabrous. Stones
= 26. Flowering late spring-early summer. Mountain chaparral and forests; 400-3000 m; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash.; Mexico (Baja California). Arctostaphylos patula
is abundant and widespread in western North America as a dominant in montane chaparral, pine forest gaps, and high-elevation arid-steppe and canyon-land environments. Populations throughout western North America are characterized by twigs and inflorescence parts covered with relatively short hairs tipped with golden glands. In the central to northern Sierra Nevada, mixed with the widespread form are individuals that are eglandular and have a cover of relatively short, whitish hairs on the stems and inflorescences. Similarly, throughout most of its range, A. patula
is nonsprouting after fire, and in areas characterized by winter snow cover it layers and creates broad, low mounds. In much of California, it typically sprouts after fires from obscure and flattened burls, forming circles of erect sprouts.
Plant: Shrub, forming circular clones, 1-2 m; burl generally 0; stems ± decumbent; lower branches rooting on ground; twigs glandular to finely glandular-bristly; glands golden, glistening Leaves: simple, alternate, spreading to ascending, evergreen, erect; petiole 7-15 mm; blade 2.5-6 cm, 1.5-4 cm wide, widely-ovate to round, base rounded, truncate, or slightly lobed, tip ± rounded, margin entire, surfaces alike, bright green, shiny, glabrous, smooth INFLORESCENCE: raceme or panicle-like, terminal, open; branches raceme-like, 4-8; bracts 4-6 mm, generally scale-like, ± deltate, acuminate; lowest bract 1-2 cm, leaf-like, linear-lanceolate; pedicel 2-7 mm, glabrous; immature axes 15-30 mm, spreading, bracts appressed or incurved Flowers: radial; sepals generally 5, free, persistent; corolla generally 5-lobed, urn-shaped to ± spheric, white to pink; stamens generally 10, included, filament base glabrous or hairy, anther 2-pored, awns 2, recurved; ovary glabrous, superior, base surrounded by nectary disk, chambers 2-10, ovule 1 per chamber, style 1, stigma head-like Fruit: drupe, berry-like, generally ± spheric, 7-10 mm wide, glabrous, dark chestnut-brown; pulp generally thick, mealy; stones 2-10 Misc: Open, coniferous forest; 750-3350 m.