Salvia columbariae Benth.
Family: Lamiaceae
chia,  more...
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Anthony Mendoza  
Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969, Felger 2000, Hodgson 2001
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Annual with one to several erect, naked, peduncle-like stems 10-60 cm tall. Leaves: Basal leaves, blades 5-15 cm long, 1-2 pinnatifid into toothed or irregularly incised divisions, cinereous-tomentose, petioles equal blade; 1-4 nodes above base also bearing somewhat reduced leaves, plant cinereous with short recurved hairs, purplish. Flowers: In capitate verticils 2-4 cm in diameter, subtended by suborbicular, green to purplish, awn tipped bracts 6-14 mm long, sparsely ciliate along margins; calyx 8-10 mm long, upper lip of oblique orifice about three times as long as lower; corolla blue, 10-13 mm long, upper lip erose-denticulate and shallowly cleft, erect. Fruits: Nutlets 2-2.22 mm long. Ecology: Found on sandy, gravelly, or rarely clay soil on slopes, common in sandy washes below 3,500 ft (1067 m); flowers March-July. Distribution: AZ, CA, s NV Notes: Distinctive capitate verticils and blue flowers help to identify this annual plant. Ethnobotany: Poultice of seed used for infections, to cleanser eyes, for fevers, for irritation and inflammation; the seeds are edible, and can be used to make a beverage, to render water palatable by removing alkalines; also used for pinole and mush to eat. Etymology: Salvia comes from Latin salveo, or I am well, while columbariae is a reference to Columbian, or of western North America. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley, 2010
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Patrick Alexander  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Chris Roll  
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Ana L. Reina-Guerrero  
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Anthony Mendoza  
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Sue Carnahan  
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Ries Lindley  
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Sue Carnahan  
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Anthony Mendoza  
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Chris Roll  
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Ana L. Reina-Guerrero  
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Ries Lindley  
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Anthony Mendoza  
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Liz Makings  
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Dustin Wolkis  
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Eugene, (Gene) Sturla  
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