Salvia subincisa Benth.
Family: Lamiaceae
sawtooth sage,  more...
Salvia subincisa image
Frankie Coburn  
Martin and Hutchins 1980, Kearney and Peebles 1969, Correll and Johnston 1970, Allred and Ivey 2012, McDougall 1973
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Annual herbs, 30-50 cm tall, from a slender taproot; stems square in cross section, erect, slender, usually branching near the base; herbage closely glandular-hirtellous with capitate hairs. Leaves: Opposite, on slender petioles 1 cm long; blades oblong-elliptic to linear-lanceolate, 2-6 cm long and 3-15 mm wide, with a tapering base and acute to attenuate tip, the margins irregularly incised-serrate, and surfaces sparsely hirtellous and minutely glandular; leaf underside slightly paler than the upper surface. Flowers: Blue-purple, in terminal racemes 3-15 cm long, with 2 flowers per node (sometimes 1 or 3), each on a short pedicel 1-3 mm long, and long internodes, 1-3 cm long, between pairs of flowers along the raceme stalk; calyx 2-lipped, 5 mm long, glandular-pilose, green and tinged with blue-purple; corolla blue, the lower portion a tube 4-5 mm long which is hidden within the calyx, topped with 2 lips which emerge beyond the calyx; upper lip 2-3 mm long, and lower lip 7-8 mm long. Fruits: Nutlets 4, ellipsoidal, 3 mm long and 2 mm wide, smooth but dull, buff to pale brown. Ecology: Found along canyons, rocky shaded slopes, and on margins of meadows, below 5,500 ft (1676 m); flowers August-September. Distribution: AZ, NM, w TX; south to n MEX. Notes: A pungent-scented annual sage, erect with opposite, irregularly incised-serrate leaves and deep blue, 2-lipped flowers with the corolla much longer than the calyx. Also note the gland-tipped hairs on the calyx; S. reflexa is a similar annual Salvia, but it has leaves that are mostly entire, not toothed, and the calyxes are covered with punctate glands, not gland-tipped hairs. Ethnobotany: Unknown, but other species in the genus have uses. Etymology: Salvia comes from Latin salvere, to heal or save, alluding to the healing properties of some species; subincisa means almost incised, referring to the shallowly but irregularly toothed leaves. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015, AHazelton 2017
Salvia subincisa image
Frankie Coburn  
Salvia subincisa image
Frankie Coburn  
Salvia subincisa image
Liz Makings  
Salvia subincisa image
Patrick Alexander  
Salvia subincisa image
Patrick Alexander  
Salvia subincisa image
Patrick Alexander  
Salvia subincisa image
Patrick Alexander  
Salvia subincisa image
Jillian Cowles  
Salvia subincisa image
Sue Carnahan  
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Kirstin Phillips  
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Salvia subincisa image
Kirstin Phillips  
Salvia subincisa image