Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.
Family: Pinaceae
Engelmann spruce,  more...
[Abies engelmannii Parry,  more]
Picea engelmannii image
Max Licher  
Varieties 2 (1 in the flora): North America, Mexico.
FNA 1993, Martin and Hutchins 1980, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Common Name: Engelmann spruce Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Tree General: Trees reaching 30 m tall, with a trunk to about 1 m in diameter, the crown narrowly conic and spirelike; bark gray to reddish brown and thin with loosely attached scales. Needles: Solitary, linear and distinctly 4-angled in cross-section, flexible with sharp tips, 1.5-3 cm long, slightly appressed to curving upward, attaching to the twig in a peg-like base, leaving a distinct scar, distinctly bluish green. Cones: Pendulous from upper branches of tree, light brown and oblong-ovoid, sessile to short-stalked, 3-7 cm long, scales diamond-shaped to elliptic, widest above middle, paper thin and flexible with an entire to erose margin. Seeds: Two winged seeds borne in the axil of each fruiting scale. Ecology: Found in moist montane areas from 8,000-11,500 ft (2438-3505 m). Notes: Distinct with its spirelike crown, along with its reddish scaly and thin bark. The needles are distinctly 4-angled and flexible and are spiky at the apex. One way to distinguish this species from Abies is the following mnemonic: firs are friendly, while spruces are spiky. Ethnobotany: Used ceremonially, for coughs and respiratory infections including tuberculosis, the pitch was used as a salve, drunk as a tea, lumber, bedding, for cordage and basketry, canoes, toys and games, and as a good luck charm. Etymology: Picea comes from the Latin picea for pitch-pine, or from picis, pitch, while engelmannii is named for George Engelmann (1809-1884), an American botanist and collector. Synonyms: There are a couple for the varieties thought to be in the region, see Tropicos Editor: SBuckley, 2010
Picea engelmannii image
L.R. Landrum  
Picea engelmannii image
L.R. Landrum  
Picea engelmannii image
L.R. Landrum  
Picea engelmannii image
Liz Makings  
Picea engelmannii image
Patrick Alexander  
Picea engelmannii image
Patrick Alexander  
Picea engelmannii image
Patrick Alexander  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Tony Frates  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Sky Jacobs  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Flor Isela Retana RenterĂ­a  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Sky Jacobs  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Sky Jacobs  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Sky Jacobs  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
Tony Frates  
Picea engelmannii image
Picea engelmannii image
ASU Fruit & Seed Collection  
Picea engelmannii image
ASU Fruit & Seed Collection  
Picea engelmannii image
ASU Fruit & Seed Collection  
Picea engelmannii image
ASU Fruit & Seed Collection  
Picea engelmannii image
ASU Fruit & Seed Collection