California cottonrose, more...
[Filago californica Nutt., more]
Plant: Annual, grayish, cobwebby to tomentose; stems 1-several from base, ± erect, generally not forked, < 55 cm, grayish to green, cobwebby; central axis generally dominant Leaves: < 20 mm, simple, alternate, generally oblanceolate, acute, flexible, grayish to green, cobwebby; uppermost generally < 1.5 X heads INFLORESCENCE: primary inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower; heads disciform, solitary or in loose, ± hemispheric groups of 2-4, not restricted to forks and tips of branches, longest 3.5-4.5 mm, 2.5-3 mm wide, grayish, largest groups 5-9 mm diam; chaff scales in spiral ranks, longest 2.7-3.3 mm, body generally ± hard Flowers: Pistillate flowers in 4-8 series; inner 9-30 flowers not subtended by chaff scales; corollas tubular; Disk flowers 4-7, bisexual, not subtended by chaff scales; corollas 1.9-2.8 mm, lobes 4, generally bright reddish purple Fruit: Fruit: achenes, outer fruit erect, 0.9-1 mm, straight, compressed side-to-side; inner fruit generally sparsely papillate, pappus bristles 17-23, 1.9-3 mm, falling in a ring Misc: Bare, rocky, or grassy places, drainages; 0-1800 m.; Mar-May
Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Erect or ascending annual 5-35 cm tall with leafy lanate stems. Leaves: Numerous at base of stems, narrowly oblanceolate, 1-2.5 mm wide, 8-15 mm long, acute at apex, narrowed to slender petiole, at first lanate then glabrate with age, upper leaves subtending axillary and terminal glomerules linear oblong, mostly less than 5 mm long, moderately lanate. Flowers: Heads ovoid-turbinate, 3-4 mm long, outermost bracts ovate to lance-ovate, sterile, lanate dorsally, those immediately interior lance-ovate, shallowly boat shaped, lanate dorsally, tipped with hyaline appendage about one-half as long as body, subtending each filiform, pistillate, epappose flower; innermost bracts lance-linear or oblong, membranous, nearly flat, tips extend 0.2-0.3 mm beyond lanate parts of outer bracts; flowers immediately interior to membranous bracts fertile. Fruits: Cypselae of outer flowers smooth, interior with minutely pappose. Ecology: Found on open slopes and flats from 500-7,000 ft (152-2134 m); flowers March-May. Notes: The taxonomy of this plant is under consideration. You probably know this plant as Filago californica. The globose flowering heads help to identify this genus, hence the name cottonrose. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Logfia is an anagram of the genus Filago, while californica means of or from California. Synonyms: Filago californica, Oglifa californica Editor: SBuckley, 2010