Anoda pentaschista A. Gray
Family: Malvaceae
field anoda
[Anoda pentaschista var. obtusior B.L. Robins.]
Anoda pentaschista image
Frankie Coburn  
Plant: subshrub; 1-2 m tall, the stems stellate-pubescent to glabrate Leaves: highly variable in form, often narrowly oblong-linear, hastately toothed to entire, coriaceous, tomentulose, markedly discolorous INFLORESCENCE: a lax panicle Flowers: calyx 3-5 mm long; petals yellow (sometimes fading reddish), ca. 1 cm long; staminal column ca. 3 mm long, scabrid to glabrous; styles 5-8 Fruit: FRUITS a schizocarp, oblate, puberulent; mericarps 5-8, dorsally spurred; SEEDS ca. 2 mm long, endocarp not developed Misc: In open, well-drained habitats; 1400-1700 m (4500-5500 ft); Aug-Nov REFERENCES: Fryxell, Paul A. 1994. Malvaceae. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 27(2), 222-236.
Fryxell 1993, Jepson 2012, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Herbaceous annuals, to 2 m tall, stems erect, herbage minutely stellate-hairy to glabrous in age. Leaves: Lower blades ovate, with 0-3 lobes, upper blades generally narrowly oblong to linear, all leaves leathery with entire to dentate margins, surfaces densely white-hairy abaxially (below), adaxial (upper) surfaces green with fewer hairs. Flowers: Cream to yellow or reddish with age with 5 open and spreading petals, petals wedge-shaped, to 1 cm long and with visible veination, calyxes 6-10 mm in diameter, with short-acuminate lobes, not becoming larger in fruit, staminal columns to 3 mm long, with roughened (scabrid) to glabrous surfaces, styles 5-8, flowers borne in open panicles. Fruits: Schizocarps roughly square with rounded edges (oblate), with 5-8 mericarps (segments), dorsally spurred, with puberulent surfaces. Seeds to 2 mm long, the endocarp not developed. Ecology: Found in open, well-drained habitats and in or near disturbed or agricultural land, roadsides, from 1,000-5,500 ft (305-1676 m); flowering August-November. Distribution: s CA, s AZ, s NM, s TX; south to s MEX. Notes: Distinguished by being erect and rather delicate, especially late in the season when leaves become reduced and fall off; the creamy white to yellow petals; the elongated, oblanceolate leaves below and narrowly lanceolate leaves above, the bases usually rounded instead of cordate (heart-shaped), like many of the other Anodas. A good identifier for this species are the squarish, segmented fruits. The leaves have a prominent, single vein on the undersides. Ethnobotany: Unknown. Synonyms: Many, see Tropicos Editor: LCrumbacher 2012, FSCoburn 2015 Etymology: Anoda is either a Sinhalese (Ceylonese) name for a species of Abutilon, or Umberto Quattrocchi gives two alternative etymologies: (1) "from the Greek a, "without," and odous, odontos, "a tooth," for the leaves; and (2) from the Greek a, "without," and the Latin nodus, "a joint or node," since the flowering stems lack nodes; the meaning of pentaschista is unknown.
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
David Thornburg  
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
David Thornburg  
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image
David Thornburg  
Anoda pentaschista image
Anoda pentaschista image