Mirabilis longiflora L.
Family: Nyctaginaceae
sweet four o'clock,  more...
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Frankie Coburn  
Stems usually several, 5-15 dm; herbage lightly puberulent basally, glandular-puberulent [glandular-villous] distally. Leaves at midstem with petiole 2-6 cm; blade usually cordate, less often deltate, ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 5-14 × 3-8 cm. Inflorescences dense clusters of flowers among conspicuous foliaceous bracts 5-20 mm; peduncle 0.5-2 mm; bracts 40-60% connate, 7-11 mm in flower, 10-18 mm in fruit, apex triangular to narrowly triangular. Flowers: perianth white, tube blushed with green or purple, (7-)8-15(-17) cm, pubescent externally. Fruits black to dark brown, bluntly 5-angled in cross section, with low black to dark brown [white] irregular tubercles between angles, ovoid to slightly obovoid, 7-12 mm, base abruptly constricted to truncate, apex tapered to truncate, puberulent between tubercles. 2n = 58. Flowering summer-early fall. Rocky canyons and slopes; 800-2300[-2700] m; Ariz., N.Mex., Tex.; Mexico; introduced in Europe. A. Le Duc (1995) and B. L. Turner (1993b) recognized two varieties, Mirabilis longiflora var. longiflora, restricted to the Mexican trans-volcanic belt, and var. wrightiana found from central Mexico to the southwestern United States. Recent United States floras have recognized only the var. wrightiana, both varieties, or have not recognized infraspecific taxa north of the Mexican border. Characters used to distinguish the varieties are thoroughly mixed. H. M. Hernández (1990) found an absence of insect visitors in this apparently sphingid-adapted species, with the plants self-compatible and probably highly autogamous.

Wiggins 1964, FNA 2003, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Several stems 5-15 dm, herbage lightly puberulent basally, glandular-puberulent distally, erect or ascending. Leaves: At midstem with petiole 2-6 cm; blade usually cordate, less often deltate, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 5-14 cm by 3-8 cm. Flowers: Dense clusters of flowers among conspicuous foliaceous bracts 5-20 mm, peduncle .5-2 mm, bracts 40-60% connate, 7-11 mm in flower, 10-18 mm in fruit, apex triangular to narrowly triangular; perianth white, tube blushed with green or purple, 8-15 cm, pubescent externally. Fruits: Black to dark brown anthocarp, bluntly 5-angled in cross section. Ecology: Found in rocky canyons and on slopes from 2,500-9,000 ft (762-2743 m); flowers from August-September. Notes: Plant remarkable for the very long and slender perianth tube of the white or pinkish flowers. There is one recognized variety, var. wrightiana found north of the Mexican border. Ethnobotany: Unknown for this species, while other species in this genera have many uses. Etymology: Mirabilis is Latin for miraculous or wonderful, while longiflora means long flower. Synonyms: Mirabilis longiflora var. wrightiana Editor: SBuckley, 2010
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Anthony Mendoza  
Mirabilis longiflora image
Patrick Alexander  
Mirabilis longiflora image
Patrick Alexander  
Mirabilis longiflora image
Patrick Alexander  
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E. Makings  
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Anthony Mendoza  
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Liz Makings  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Jillian Cowles  
Mirabilis longiflora image
Jillian Cowles  
Mirabilis longiflora image
Jillian Cowles  
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Sue Carnahan  
Mirabilis longiflora image
Jillian Cowles  
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Sue Carnahan  
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