Brickellia californica (Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray
Family: Asteraceae
brickell-bush,  more...
[Brickellia brandegei B.L.Rob.,  more]
Brickellia californica image
Max Licher  
Shrubs, 50-200 cm. Stems branched from near bases, glandular-pubescent. Leaves alternate; petioles 5-60+ mm; blades 3-nerved from bases, ovate to deltate, 10-100 × 10-90 mm, bases cordate to truncate, margins crenate to serrate, apices acute to rounded, faces puberulent to glabrate, often gland-dotted. Heads borne in (leafy) paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 1-5 mm, glandular-pubescent. Involucres cylindric to obconic, 7-12 mm. Phyllaries 21-35 in 5-6 series, greenish, often purple-tinged, 3-4-striate, unequal, margins scarious; outer ovate to lance-ovate (glabrous or sparsely glandular-pubescent, apices acute to acuminate), inner lanceolate (glabrous, apices obtuse to acuminate). Florets 8-12; corollas pale yellow-green, 5.5-8 mm. Cypselae 2.5-3.5 mm, puberulent; pappi of 24-30 white, barbellate bristles. 2n = 18. Flowering Jul-Oct. Dry, rocky hillsides, arroyos, canyons; 800-2700 m; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Nev., N.Mex., Okla., Tex., Utah, Wyo. Floret number of 18 is reported for Brickellia californica in most floras; A. Cronquist (1994) noted that 18 is high by his count; he reported 12 as the maximum number for the specimens he sampled and that fits the specimens I have counted from Arizona.

FNA 2006, Wiggins 1964, Benson and Darrow 1981, Kearney and Peebles 1969, McDougall 1973, Carter 2012
Common Name: California brickellbush Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Subshrub Wetland Status: FACU General: Intricately branched shrub, 50-200 cm tall; stems woody at the base and often well above the base, glandular-pubcescent; branches ascending, whitish below and purplish, brownish, or grayish above. Leaves: Alternate, on petioles 5-60 mm long; blades 3-nerved from base, deltate to ovate, 1-10 cm long by by 1-9 cm wide, with irregularly dentate or crenate-serrate margins; the faces puberulent to glabrate and often gland dotted. Flowers: Flower heads discoid, arranged in dense panicles or solitary in axils, on short peduncles, these 1-5 mm long; involucre (ring of bracts wrapped around flower head) cylindric to obconic, 7-12 mm high, the bracts (phyllaries) 21-35 in 5-6 series, unequal, greenish stramineous to purple-tinged with scarious margins, subacute to rounded at tips; florets 8-12, all discs, the corollas greenish white, often tinged with purple, 5-8 mm long. Fruits: Achenes puberulent, 3 mm long, topped with a pappus of 24-30 white, barbellate bristles. Ecology: Found on dry rocky hillsides, in arroyos and canyons, from 2,500-9,000 ft (762-2743 m); flowers July-October. Distribution: Much of western N. Amer. from OR east to WY and south to CA, AZ, NM, and TX; south to s MEX. Notes: Brickellia is a genus of shrubs and perennial herbs with all disc flowers, these usually white to cream colored; flower heads wrapped in several rows of bracts (phyllaries), the outer rows shorter than the inner rows; and 10-nerved seeds topped with white tufts of bristles. B. californica is one of the more common shrubby Brickellia found in the region, distinguished by the small diamond- to heart-shaped leaves, < 5 cm long, with toothed edges; on slender stems that are often woody well above the base of the plant; flower heads clustered on short peduncles toward the ends of branches, forming drooping spike-like panicles; and glabrous phyllaries. B. baccharidea is similar but in that species the leaves have cuneate (tapering) bases and the peduncles are longer, > 5 mm; also similar to B. coulteri but that species has opposite leaves with enlarged sharp basal lobes at the base (hastate lobes). Ethnobotany: Used ceremonially; as a lotion for sores; for cough and fever; as a rub for headaches; and as a tea. Etymology: Brickellia is named for Dr. John Brickell (1749-1809), a botanist and physician who worked in Georgia; californica means of or from California. Synonyms: Bulbostylis californica, Brickellia brandegei Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015, AHazelton 2015
Brickellia californica image
Max Licher  
Brickellia californica image
Max Licher  
Brickellia californica image
Max Licher  
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Gregory Gust  
Brickellia californica image
Max Licher  
Brickellia californica image
Frank Rose  
Brickellia californica image
Gregory Gust  
Brickellia californica image
Patrick Alexander  
Brickellia californica image
Gregory Gust  
Brickellia californica image
Gregory Gust  
Brickellia californica image
Gregory Gust  
Brickellia californica image
Gregory Gust  
Brickellia californica image
Max Licher  
Brickellia californica image
Patrick Alexander  
Brickellia californica image
Max Licher  
Brickellia californica image
Patrick Alexander  
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Kirstin Phillips  
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Kirstin Phillips  
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
. Eastern Nevada Landscape Coalition  
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image
Brickellia californica image