Marah gilensis Greene
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Gila manroot,  more...
Marah gilensis image
Shannon Doan  
Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Vine General: Perennial from large tuberous root, stems essentially glabrous, slender, striate; tendrils small, slender, simple or bifid, glabrous. Leaves: Thin, glabrous or nearly so below, somewhat scabrous above with scattered orbicular trichomes, blades 3-8 cm long, 3-7 lobes, lobes triangular-ovate to lanceolate, acute, broadly emarginate, on petioles 1-4 cm long, striate, glabrous. Flowers: Staminate flowers in simple or compound racemes; corolla white, spreading, 6-10 mm broad, sparsely pubescent outside, minutely stipitate-glandular within; stamens 3, deeply flexed; ovary glandular-pubescent, densely echinate, broader than long, solitary, beak short. Fruits: Pepo 2-3 cm long and broad, 2-4 celled, 2-4 seeded, somewhat succulent when green, becoming dry, dehiscing irregularly, densely echinate, globose. Ecology: Found in canyons and in hillside thickets, especially along streams below 5,000 ft (1524 m); flowers February-April. Notes: The shoots of this plant are known to grow very early in the season. Easy to distinguish from other plants when its is in fruit, the heavily spined pepo is very obvious. Ethnobotany: Unknown, other species in the genera have a variety of uses. Etymology: Marah is thought to be a reference to the bitter roots, in reference to its being named in the Bible, while gilensis means of or from Gila, a reference to the Gila River in Arizona. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley, 2010
Marah gilensis image
Max Licher  
Marah gilensis image
Max Licher  
Marah gilensis image
Shannon Doan  
Marah gilensis image
Frankie Coburn  
Marah gilensis image
Frankie Coburn  
Marah gilensis image
Anthony Mendoza  
Marah gilensis image
Steve Blackwell  
Marah gilensis image
Ries Lindley  
Marah gilensis image
Ries Lindley  
Marah gilensis image
Zachery Berry  
Marah gilensis image
Ries Lindley  
Marah gilensis image
Zachery Berry  
Marah gilensis image
Kirstin Phillips  
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Patrick Alexander  
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Patrick Alexander  
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Kirstin Phillips  
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Patrick Alexander  
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image
Marah gilensis image