Gilia flavocincta A. Nels.
Family: Polemoniaceae
lesser yellowthroat gilia
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
PLANT: Annual, 6-30(-45) cm tall, branched throughout; stems cobwebby below, glabrous to sparsely glandular above. LEAVES: sparsely cobwebby, reduced above the basal rosette; basal and lower lobed once or twice, the lobes entire or toothed; cauline entire or basally lobed. INFLORESCENCE: congested, with short pedicelled to subsessile flowers in terminal clusters. FLOWERS: calyx 3-5(-8) mm long, glabrous to sparsely cobwebby, the lobes acuminate to attenuate; corolla funnelform, 7-27 mm long, the tube equal to or longer than the calyx, violet or yellow, the throat yellow, the lobes pink to yellow with violet flecks; stamens inserted on the throat; anthers slightly exserted; stigma exserted or located among the anthers. CAPSULE: 5-8.5 mm long, broadly ovoid. NOTES: 2 subspp.; NV to TX and n Son. Incorrectly referred to Gilia tenuiflora Jones by Kearney and Peebles. REFERENCES: Dieter H. Wilken and J. Mark Porter, 2005, Vascular Plants of Arizona: Polemoniaceae. CANOTIA 1: 1-37.
VPAP (Wilken and Porter 2005), Wiggins 1964, Allred and Ivey 2012
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Annual herbs, 6-30 cm tall; stems erect and branched throughout; herbage cobwebby below and glabrous to sparsely stipitate glandular above. Leaves: Basal rosette plus a few reduced, alternate stem leaves, all sparsely cobwebby; basal and lower stem leaves lobed once or twice, the lobes entire or toothed; upper stem leaves entire or basally lobed. Flowers: Pink-purple and yellow, short-pediceled or subsessile in compact terminal clusters, the clusters on long stalks; calyx 3-5 mm long, glabrous to sparsely cobwebby, consisting of 5 herbaceous sepals connected to each other by papery membranes, the sepals with acuminate to attenuate tips; corolla funnelform, 7-27 mm long, the tube equal to or longer than the calyx and violet or yellow, the throat yellow, the lobes pink to yellow with violet flecks; anthers slightly exserted beyond the corolla lobes. Fruits: Capsule 5-9 mm long, broadly ovoid; containing several seeds. Ecology: Found in sandy canyons, on mountain slopes and along arroyos, from 1,500-5,000 ft (457-1524 m); flowers February-May. Distribution: UT, AZ, NM; south to n MEX. Notes: Distinguished by sparse cobwebby hairs on leaves which are mostly basal, and reduced above; flowers subsessile or short-pedicelled (some pedicelled) in terminal corymbose or capitate clusters (some in open inflorecsences); calyces not glandular, and streaked or spotted with purple, especially on the papery sinuses between the calyx lobes; and funnelform corollas. It is similar to G. mexicana, but that species has generally smaller leaves that are dissected into very narrow lobes (less than 1 mm wide) with pointed tips; lacks the purple spots on the papery sinuses between the calyx lobes; and has smaller flowers, the corollas only 5-8 mm long (7-27 mm long in G. flavocincta). There are two subspecies: subsp. australis can be told apart by having a corolla 7-18 mm long, the tube equal to or slightly exceeding the calyx, the style usually not exceeding the stamens, and usually found at slightly lower elevations; subsp. flavocincta has a corolla 12-27 mm long, the tube longer than the calyx, with the style usually exceeding the stamens. Kearney and Peebles incorrectly use the name Gilia tenuifolia for this species; it is not a true synonym. Ethnobotany: Unknown, but other species in the genus have uses. Etymology: Gilia is named for Filippo Luigi Gilii (1756-1821) an Italian naturalist, while flavocincta comes from the Latin flavus, yellow, and cincta, surrounded or encircled, referring to the yellow throat of the flower. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015, AHazelton 2015, AHazelton 2017
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
Gilia flavocincta image
Max Licher  
Gilia flavocincta image
Liz Makings  
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Patrick Alexander  
Gilia flavocincta image
Patrick Alexander  
Gilia flavocincta image
Patrick Alexander  
Gilia flavocincta image
Patrick Alexander  
Gilia flavocincta image
Patrick Alexander  
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Eugene, (Gene) Sturla  
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Sue Carnahan  
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Sue Carnahan  
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Steve Blackwell  
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Steve Blackwell  
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