Pholistoma auritum (Lindl.) Lilja  
Family: Boraginaceae
blue fiestaflower,  more...
Pholistoma auritum image
Max Licher  
Plant: annual, fleshy; stem 1-15 cm, many-branched Leaves: simple, cauline; lower opposite, 4-16 cm, 1-8 cm wide; upper alternate; petiole widely winged, clasping, blade oblong to ovate-lanceolate, base cordate, tip acuminate, lobes 5-13, oblong or lanceolate, obtuse or acute, entire or 1-5-toothed INFLORESCENCE: flowers solitary or 2-6 in cymes; pedicels 1-3 cm Flowers: calyx lobes 3-9 mm, ± lanceolate, hairy, bristly-ciliate, sinus appendages 1-4 mm; corolla 3-15 mm, 5-30 mm wide, blue to purple with darker marks in throat, rotate, lobed to middle, lobes generally hairy; stamens included, equal, equally attached; ovary chamber 1, bristly-hairy, style 4-8 mm; 1, 2-lobed in distal 1/2 Fruit: capsule, 5-10 mm wide, enclosed in calyx, spheric; bristles stout; Seeds 1-4, brown, pitted or honeycombed Misc: Ocean bluffs, talus slopes, woodlands, streambanks, canyons, desert scrub; 0-1900 m. References: Kearney & Peebles, McDougall, Utah Flora
Wiggins 1964, Jepson 1993, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Vine General: Annual with slender, weak and scrambling stems, sometimes 1 m long, uncinate-bristly on angles, herbage bright green, sparsely hispid throughout. Leaves: Oblong to ovate-lanceolate in outline, 1.5-8 cm long, 0.5-3.5 cm broad with 2-5 lobes on each side, these oblong, ovate, or nearly deltoid, usually retrorse, obtuse at tips, petioles moderately winged, auriculate-clasping. Flowers: Solitary or in 1-4 flowered cymes on pedicels 1-2.5 cm long, sparsely uncinate-hispid; calyx lobes lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-2 mm wide, 5-7 mm long, sparsely hispid; auricles barely 1 mm long; corolla 8-12 mm broad, blue or violet; corolla scales triangular, purple, margins fimbriate; styles 2.5-3 mm long. Fruits: Capsule 4-5 mm in diameter, hispid with subulate white hairs. Ecology: Found in canyons and under bushes and trees, rocky hillsides and plains below 3,000 ft (914 m); flowers February-May. Distribution: AZ, s CA Notes: The weak and crawling stems often help to diagnose this species, as does the obtuse leaf lobes and dark spots at the base of the petals. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Pholistoma is from the Greek pholis, scale and stoma, mouth, referring to the scales in the throat of the flower, while auritum means eared, or having and ear, referring to the clasping base of the leaves. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley, 2010
Pholistoma auritum image
Liz Makings  
Pholistoma auritum image
Liz Makings  
Pholistoma auritum image
Zachery Berry  
Pholistoma auritum image
Liz Makings  
Pholistoma auritum image
Max Licher  
Pholistoma auritum image
Max Licher  
Pholistoma auritum image
Anne Barber  
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Zachery Berry  
Pholistoma auritum image
Zachery Berry  
Pholistoma auritum image
Zachery Berry  
Pholistoma auritum image
Zachery Berry  
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image
Pholistoma auritum image