Palmer's grapplinghook, more...
[Pectocarya palmeri (A. Gray) Veno]
Plant: Stem ascending to erect, 3-30 cm Leaves: cauline, often with basal rosette, generally simple, alternate; lower sometimes opposite, entire INFLORESCENCE: cyme, pedicels in fruit 0.5-1 mm, twisted Flowers: sepals in fruit > nutlets, upper 2 >> others, partly fused, arched over 1 nutlet, ± bur-like, with 5-10 stout spines, each with hooked bristles, lower 3 sepals distinct Fruit: Fruit: nutlets 2, 1-4 mm, dissimilar, ± oblanceolate, margins entire Misc: Dry sites in chaparral, coastal scrub, grassland; < 450 m.; Mar-Apr Notes: nutlets 2, enclosed in distorted, spiny calyx References: J.C. Hickman. The Jepson Manual. Kearney & Peebles. Arizona Flora. W.B. McDougal. Seed plants of Northern Arizona. ASU specimens.
Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969, Kelley and Messick 2014 (Jepson)
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Slender spreading annual herb, 3-15 cm tall; stems disarticulating at the nodes at maturity; herbage thinly strigose-hirsute with slender white hairs. Leaves: Tufted basally and alternate along the stems, attenuate into slender petioles; blades linear to linear-lanceolate, 0.5-2.5 mm wide, 1-3 cm long. Flowers: Inconspicuous and crowded into short, faintly scorpioid spikes in bud, the internodes elongating after anthesis so fruits are distant and mostly axillary, on deflexed pedicels; calyx lobes lance linear, about 1 mm long, at anthesis strigose and reflexed; corolla salverform, barely 2 mm long, white, with a rotate limb about 1.5 mm in diameter. Fruits: Burlike capsules 2 mm long, strigose, bearing hooked spines 1-2 mm long, on upper two-thirds; containing 2 nutlets, each about 1 mm long. Ecology: Found in gravelly or sandy soils below 3,500 ft (1067 m); flowers March-April. Distribution: s AZ, s CA; south to n MEX. Notes: Often found in the creosote bush shrublands and under mesquite. Similar in appearance to Pectocarya but it has appressed-pubescent herbage to distinguish it. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Harpagonella is a diminutive form of harpago, meaning a small grappling hook, a reference to the calyx spines, while palmeri is named for Edward Palmer (1829-1911) who was a botanist who explored the southwestern US and northern Mexico. Synonyms: None Editor: SBuckley 2010, AHazelton 2015