Parish goldeneye, more...
[Viguiera deltoidea var. parishii (Greene) Vasey & Rose, more]
, 50-130 cm. Leaves
mostly opposite, sometimes alternate (distal); petioles 2-8 mm; blades deltate to deltate-ovate, 1-3.5 × 1-3.5 cm, margins usually toothed, faces: abaxial hispid and gland-dotted (and slightly reticulate), adaxial scabrous, (bases of hairs notably enlarged). Heads
1-15 cm. Involucres
hemispheric, 8-13 × 5-9 mm. Paleae
ovate to oblong, 5.5-7 mm. Phyllaries
16-28, 3-9 × 1.5-2 mm. Ray florets
8-15; laminae 10-15 mm. Disc florets
50+; corollas 3.5-5 mm. Cypselae
2.7-3.2 mm; pappi
of 2(-6) lacerate, aristate scales 2.1-2.5 mm plus (0-)2-6 lacerate scales 0.5-1 mm. 2n
= 36. Flowering (Jan-Oct). Xeric scrub; 500-1500 m; Ariz., Calif., Nev.; Mexico (Baja California, Sonora). Bahiopsis parishii
is a diploid that is closely related to polyploids that have traditionally been recognized as varieties of B.
and occur throughout the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico.
Plant: Shrub < 2 m diam, short-rough-hairy throughout; stem 6-13 dm, much-branched Leaves: simple, opposite below, alternate above; petiole 2-8 mm; blade generally 1-3.5 cm, triangular-ovate, 3-veined from obtuse to truncate or subcordate base, tip obtuse to acute, entire or teeth few, short, surfaces green to lightly canescent INFLORESCENCE: primary inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower; heads solitary or in open, few-headed cymes; peduncles 3-15 cm, slender, bracts 0 or few and leaf-like; heads radiate; involucre 10-13 mm diam, hemispheric or appearing disk-like when pressed; phyllaries in 2-3 equal or unequal series, 3-9 mm, lance-oblong, tips abruptly narrowed, surface green to canescent; chaff scales 5-6 mm Flowers: Ray flowers 8-15 sterile; ligules 1-1.5 cm, corolla yellow; ligules entire to 3-lobed; Disk flowers: many; corollas 3.5-5 mm, yellow or orange; anther tips triangular; style tips triangular Fruit: achenes, 2.7-3.8 mm, ± flattened, obovate, glabrous or ± hairy; pappus of 2 fringed scales (each 0.5-1 mm) and 2-3 lanceolate scales (each 2-3 mm) Misc: Washes, dry, rocky slopes; < 1500 m.; Feb-Jun, Sep-Oct Notes: achenes 4-angled References: J.C. Hickman, ed. The Jepson Manual.L. Benson & R. Darrow. Trees and Shrubs of the Southwestern Deserts. W.B. McDougal. Seed plants of Northern Arizona. ASU specimens.
FNA 2006, Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Common Name: Parish goldeneye Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Subshrub General: Perennial shrub, straggly 50-130 cm tall, with slender, strigillose to hispid stems and peduncles. Leaves: Mostly opposite, on petioles 2-8 mm, blades deltate to deltate ovate 1-3.5 cm long by 1-3.5 cm wide, margins usually toothed, faces hispid and gland dotted beneath, scabrous above. Flowers: Heads several at end of branching, naked, terminal, peduncle 1-15 cm long; campanulate involucres, 8-13 mm wide, 16-28 phyllaries lance-linear, 3-9 mm long by 1.5-2 mm wide; 8-15 ray florets with yellow rays 10-15 mm long; disc florets 50, yellow, corollas 3.5-5 mm. Fruits: Cypselae 2.5-3.5 mm, compressed, oblong, distinctly ridged, strigose with brownish, forwardly appressed hairs. Ecology: Found on plains, along arroyos, and slopes, always in xeric conditions below 5,000 ft (1524 m); flowers November-April. Distribution: AZ, CA, NV; south to MEX (Baja California, Sonora). Notes: This is a recently segregated species, you-ll know it by its old name: Viguiera deltoidea var. parishii. The molecular systematics are pretty clear to delineate the new genus Bahiopsis. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Bahiopsis is named for Juan Francisco de Bahi y Fonseca (1775-1841) a Spanish botanist, and opsis which indicates a resemblance, while parishii is named for the brothers Parish, Samuel Bonsall Parish (1838-1928) and William Fletcher Parish (1840-1918), botanical collectors who lived in California. Synonyms: Viguiera parishii, Viguiera deltoidea var. parishii Editor: SBuckley, 2010